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Work Opportunity Tax Credit
WHAT IS THE WORK OPPORTUNITY TAX CREDIT (WOTC)?
The WOTC is one tool in a diverse toolbox of flexible strategies designed to help move people from welfare into gainful employment and obtain on-the-job experience. It joins other tax credits, education, and workforce training programs that help American workers with barriers to employment prepare for good jobs; ease their transition from job to job; benefit from the creation of effective regional economic development strategies; and create high performance workplaces.
PROGRAM OUTCOMES: During Fiscal Year 2007, over 633,000 certifications were issued by the state workforce agencies, and this figure is growing every year.
UPDATE: On May 25, 2007, the President signed into law the Small Business and Work Opportunity Tax Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-28). This legislation extends the WOTC Program through August 31, 2011. This Act and the Tax-Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (P. L. 109-432) signed into law on December 20, 2006, amend certain target group definitions, introduce new provisions that expand and streamline the WOTC Program, and make it easier for the business sector to participate. For example, P.L. 109-432 eliminated the Welfare-to-Work Tax Credit (WtWTC) by merging it into the WOTC and making the Long-term TANF Recipient another WOTC target group.
WHAT'S NEW: The following statutory changes --introduced by P.L. 110-28 -- apply to new hires who begin work for an employer after May 25, 2007 and before September 1, 2011:
The changes introduced by P.L. 109-432 apply retroactively to individuals who began to work for an employer after December 31, 2005. They are as follows:
The consolidated WOTC for hiring most target group members can now be as much as:
WHAT NEW HIRES CAN QUALIFY EMPLOYERS FOR THE WOTC?
Received TANF payments for any 18 months (whether or not consecutive) beginning after August 5, 1997, and the earliest 18-month period beginning after August 5, 1997 ended during the past 2 years, or
Stopped being eligible for TANF payments during the past 2 years because federal or state law limited the maximum time those payments could be made.
Other TANF Recipient. A member of a family that is receiving or recently received TANF benefits for any
Qualified Food Stamp Recipient. An 18-39 year old member of a family that received Food Stamps for the past 6 months, or received Food Stamps for at least 3 of the past 5 months;
Designated Community Resident. An 18-39 year old resident of one of the federally designated Empowerment Zones (EZs), Enterprise Communities (ECs), Renewal Communities (RCs), and for individuals who begin to work for an employer after May 25, 2007, this High-Risk Youth group has been
renamed "Designated Community Resident" and expanded to include residents of Rural Renewal Counties;
Summer Youth Employee. A 16-17 year old EZ/EC or RC resident hired between May 1 and September 15;
Qualified Veteran. A veteran who is a member of a family that is receiving or recently received Food Stamps for at least a 3-month period during the past 15 months; and for individuals who begin to work for an employer after May 25, 2007, the veteran group is expanded to include "disabled veterans" who are entitled to compensation for a service-connected disability and who, during the one-year ending on the hiring date, were: a) discharged or released from active duty in the U.S Armed Forces, or b) unemployed for a period or periods totaling at least 6 months. The first-year wages taken into account for these "disabled veterans" are capped at $12,000;
Unemployed Veteran: Veterans who are certified as: (1) having been discharged or released from active duty at any time during the five-year period ending on the hiring date; and (2) being in receipt of unemployment compensation under a state or federal law for not less than four weeks during the one-year period ending on the hiring date.
MINIMUM EMPLOYMENT OR RETENTION PERIOD. All new adult employees must work a minimum of 120 or 400 hours. Individuals hired as Summer Youth employees must work at least 90 days, between May 1 and September 15, before an employer is eligible to claim the tax credit. The WOTC amount an employer may claim depends on the hours the employee works. The credit is 25% of qualified first-year wages for those employed at least 120 hours but fewer than 400 hours and 40% for those employed 400 hours or more.
HOW CAN EMPLOYERS PARTICIPATE IN THE WOTC?
To receive certification that a new employee qualifies the employer for this tax credit, the employer must:
Click here for ETA Form 9061 the Individual Characteristics Form.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE WOTC:
Call or visit your local State WOTC Coordinator (use the State Directory above), or
Business wanting expert help in completing and submitting these forms please email
Dream Catcher for pricing.